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Full text of "Annual Evaluation Report Fiscal Year 1984"

201 -4

C.    Costs, Benefits, and Effectiveness - Grants to School Districts
(Continued)                                                             ~~~

children is estimated at 4.5 million. Of these children, 2.4 million are
limited English proficient (LEP)(E1). However, previous studies have
shown that many of these children use English as their only or usual
language. Based on these studies, the number of children who require
English language services because of their inability to function in
English is estimated to be substantially less than this 2.4 million LEP
population estimate (E2)

Language Use.    In a NIE study researchers documented the extent to which
English TTlTsedTy teachers in    bilingual education    cl ass rooms over two
school yeaFsT   There was  a marked increase in the use of English in the
second year.    One possible explanation for this   change toward increased
use of  English  in   bilingual   classrooms   is   that   it   reflects   the public
discussion of   the   function   of   bilingual   education   resulting   from   the
Department's efforts   to  provide  the  schools   with   more   flexibility  and
choice of instructional method for LEP students (E3, E4).

Effectiveness: Several new studies are underway, (for a review of com-
pleted studies, see Annual Evaluation Report for FY 1983, p. 201-9.)

D.    Plans for Program Improvement and Recommendations for Legislation

In addition to emphasizing strongly the development of school districts1
capacity to serve limited English proficient children, the Administra-
tion's legislative proposal, the Bilingual Education Improvements Act
of 1983, was designed to restructure the basic grants to school districts
program, revising program goals and criteria and ending long-term aid to
districts. Funding priority would be given to districts serving children
with the greatest immediate need: those whose usual language is not
English.

E.    Supporting Studies and Analyses Citedin Section C Above:

1.    The Condition of Bilingual Education in the Nation, 1984. U.S. Depart-
ment of Education.

2.    Baker, Keith. "Ideological Bias in Bilingual Education." Paper present-
ed at the Annual  Meeting of the American Educational  Research Assoc-
iation, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 27, 1984.

3.    Fisher,   Charles   VI.   and  Guthrie,   Larry F.    "Executive  Summary:   The
Significant Bilingual   Instructional   Features   Study,"   San  Francisco:
FarWest Laboratories, 1983.

4.    Tikunoff, William.    The Significant Bilingual   Instructional  Features
Study: Utility   of   the   SBIF   Features   for   the   Instruction   of   LEP
Students.11    San Francisco: FarWest Laboratories, 1983*ncy and who, "by reason thereof" has sufficient